With each minute passing by after a heart attack, more heart tissues begin losing oxygen and start to die. So, it is essential to get medical help soon. The only way to prevent further heart damage is to restore the flow of blood quickly.
What is The Medicines Prescribed?
If the doctor suspects that you have a heart attack, he/she will prescribe the following medications:
1. Antiplatelet Agents
To prevent the existing clots from getting more substantial, the doctors might give medicines like clopidogrel. This is also done to avoid further clots. These drugs are known as platelet aggregation inhibitors.
2. Clot Busters
Yes, to get rid of clots from arteries, medicines like thrombolytics are prescribed. They will help with dissolving a blood clot that is blocking the flow of blood to the heart. Doctors say that the earlier you get these drugs after a heart attack, the higher will be your chances of survival. It will also ensure a minor damage to the heart.
This is the first medicine prescribed. It will reduce the blood clotting, thereby helping in maintaining the flow of blood through a narrowed artery.
4. ACE inhibitors
To bring down the stress on the heart caused by high blood pressure, this medicine is given to reduce blood pressure.
Beta blockers will help with relaxing your heart muscles. They will help with bringing down the blood pressure and to slow down your heartbeat. This will make the job of your heart easier. These medicines will also bring down the amount of damage to the heart muscles. Even, they will help with preventing future attacks.
This medicine is for treating chest pain. It will also help with improving the flow of blood to the heart by dilating the blood vessels.
7. Pain Relievers
To easing your discomfort, you might be given medicines like morphine.
8. Other Blood-Thinning Medicines
You might be given different drugs like heparin that will make your blood less sticky. When the blood is less sticky, it will have lesser chances to form clots. Heparin is given as an injection either under the skin or intravenously.
9. Surgical and Other Procedures
To treat a heart attack, you might be recommended to undergo the following methods. These processes are suggested apart from the medications as mentioned above for immediate relief:
10. Coronary Angioplasty and Stenting
This is a procedure, where the surgeon or heart specialist will insert a thin and long tube called catheter that will pass through your artery. For adding the tube, a hole is made either in your groin or the leg. This tube is sent to the blocked artery in the heart. This procedure is for locating the blockages. It is done immediately after a cardiac catheterization.
The catheter is equipped with a unique balloon. Once the balloon reaches the position, it is slightly inflated in such a way that the blocked coronary artery opens. The surgeon might insert a metal mesh stent into the artery to keep it open for a more extended period to restoring the blood flow to the heart. Based on your condition, your doctor might opt to place a stent. The stent might be coated with a medication that slowly releases to make sure that your artery will be kept open.
11. Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
In some instances, the doctors might go for an emergency bypass surgery as the option to protect the patient. However, if possible, the cardiologist might suggest that you have bypass surgery after your heart get some time to recover. Yes, the heart needs some time to recover from the trauma of the heart attack. This might take around three days to 7 days.
Bypass surgery involves arteries or swelling veins in place beyond a blocked or narrowed coronary artery. This will permit the flow of blood to the heart to avoid the closed section or the artery. Once the blood flow to your heart is restored and your condition becomes stable, you are likely to stay at the hospital for several days based on the recommendation of your cardiologist.