When talking about the top 10 causes of deaths in India, cardiovascular diseases hold the high position both among men and women. This holds true for people in all groups. But, the thing to remember here is that a heart attack is preventable. At least death is avoidable when the early signs of heart attack are rightly identified. When the right treatment is given early, the doctors can save the precious life.
According to the Times of India report, there was an increase in the percentage of deaths by about 17% between 2005 and 2015. This increase in interest denotes the heart attack/failure as the cause of deaths between 2005 and 2015. Here, it becomes essential to understand the signs of heart attack. This understanding will help patients to get immediate medical help prevent heart failure.
Heart Attack Symptoms
1. Discomfort in The Chest
Most heart attacks start with an embarrassment in the middle part of the chest. This sort of discomfort lasts for a few minutes. It can also go away and can come back. Some people will feel pain or fullness, while some might feel uncomfortable pressure and squeezing in the chest.
2. Discomfort in Other Areas of The Upper Body
Discomfort in other parts of the upper body can be experienced in the stomach, jaw, neck or one or both arms. There can be discomfort or pain in the shoulder as well in some patients.
3. Breathing Difficulty
With or without discomfort in the chest, patients can have difficulty in breathing as well.
Other Signs of Heart Attack
In addition to these standard symptoms, some patients might have other issues like light-headedness, nausea and cold sweat as well.
1. Signs Differ Between Men and Women
Similar to that of men, the most common heart attack sign experienced by women is discomfort or pain in the chest. However, as compared to men, women commonly experience other symptoms like pain in jaw or back, vomiting/nausea and shortness of breath.
2. Should Act Fast
In addition to learning the signs, the patients should act quickly. Even if the sign is not related to heart attack, it is better to get checked. The reason is that minutes matter in heart attack patients. The precious life can be saved when the medical attention is obtained at the right time.
3. Cardiac arrest Vs. Heart Attack
In some instances, patients have confusion between the terms ‘heart attack’ and ‘cardiac arrest’. The former is otherwise referred to as myocardial infarction. This is damage to the muscles of the heart that happens because of a reduction in the blood flow to the heart muscles. This deprives the muscles of the oxygen they need for proper functioning. On the other hand, the latter is when the heart stops to beat, and death is fast approaching.
A heart attack, in case, it is severe, can lead to a cardiac arrest. This is what happens when the heart attack is fatal. On the flip side, other conditions like a shock or serious arrhythmias can also lead to cardiac arrest without a heart attack.
A person with cardiac arrest will turn out to be unresponsive, and there will not be any breathing. Patients with cardiac arrest need immediate medical attention. In general, CPR is the first treatment that it was given straight away until the ambulance arrives. The patient should be kept in a ventilated place until the ambulance arrives.
Heart Attack Without Any Symptoms
Even though we have pointed out some signs of a heart attack here, a heart attack can also be asymptomatic. These are called as silent heart attacks, and they are common in the case of patients with diabetes mellitus. This is why it is said that patients with diabetes should get a regular health check-up. During the regular examination, they should get their cardiac health evaluated. Some tests determine the healthy functioning of their heart. If some medicines are needed, the doctor will suggest the appropriate medication to improve the operation of the heart.